BLE(Basic Level Examination)

UNIT 10 Population Growth and Management

-Riva, Rewan, Reha, Vaibhavi, Prasiddha, Sudin, Naman, Shuvi

Set A

9) What are the major elements that affect the quality of life? write any two of them

The major elements that affect the quality of life are:-

  • rapid population growth 
  • per capita income
  • gross domestic product

Set 2 BLE model questions 2076

9)Write any two objectives of UNFPA.

the two objectives of UNFPA are:

•To control and manage population growth

• To help to maintain quality of life.

SET 3 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2076

9)What is the Literacy rate of Nepal

Ans: The average literacy rate of Nepal is 65.9%

And female-57.4%and Male-75.1%

SET 4 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2076

9)what is birth spacing

The age between 1st and 2nd child is called birth spacing. It is very important for healthy children and mothers

SET 5 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2076

9) What are the basic needs of human beings

The basic needs of human beings are:

1) education

2) health

3) food and water

4) shelter

SET 6 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2076

9)Write the full form of UNFPA

United Nation Population Fund is the full form of UNFPA

SET 7 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2076

9)what is the eligible age for boys and girls for marriage in Nepal

Ans: The eligible age for boys and girls for marriage in Nepal is after 20 years.

SET 8 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2076

9)What is the population growth rate of Nepal, according to census 2011

The population growth rate of Nepal is 1.35%.

SET 9 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2076

9)what is meant by quality of life

It is the standard life of an individual or member of a family or community.

SET 10 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2076

9) What is the child mortality rate in Nepal

The child mortality rate according to census 2011 is 2802 per 1000 children.

SET 11 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2073

9)Mention the relationship between population and quality of life in a sentence

The relationship between population and quality of life is inversely proportional; that is, if population increases, quality of life decreases and vice-versa. It is often argued that countries with smaller populace provide for a better quality of life for their citizens as well as residents

SET 12 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2073

9)where is the head office of UNFPA?

New York, United States

SET 13 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2073

-9) Write the full form of UNFPA

United Nations Population Fund

SET 14 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2073

9)Write the formula to calculate the crude death

-The crude death rate is calculated as the number of deaths in a given period divided by the population exposed to the risk of death in that period.

SET 15 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2073

9) What is population management

-Population management, as defined by the Disease Management Association of America, is “a system of coordinated healthcare interventions and communications for populations with conditions in which patient self-care efforts are significant.”

16. What is the population of Nepal according to the census of 2068

-The size of the population of Nepal according to the latest population census 2068 (2011) is 2,64,94,504. Among them, 1,28,49,041 and 1,36,45,463 people are male and female respectively. The annual population growth rate is 1.35 per annum.

9. What are the basic needs of people?

Human beings have certain basic needs. We must have food, water, air, and shelter to survive. If any one of these basic needs is not met, then humans cannot survive.

17. What are the basic needs of human beings

-same

18. Write any two problems that may arise in Nepal

Problems that are seen in population management of Nepal:

  • There is a low literacy rate in Nepal and the male population is more than females in Nepal.
  • Early marriages are also a factor that is affecting population management in Nepal.
  • Lack of family planning is also a reason behind the population increase in Nepal.

19. write down any two factors affecting the quality of life

-any two factors affecting the quality of life are –

  • Material living conditions. …
  • Productive or main activity. …
  • Health. …
  • Education. …
  • Leisure and social interactions. …
  • Economic and physical safety. …
  • Governance and basic rights. …
  • Natural and living environment.

20. Write the definition of quality of life(2)

-an individual’s perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards, and concerns”.

21. what is the population growth rate of Nepal according to the census of 2068

-The size of the population of Nepal according to the latest population census 2068 (2011) is 2,64,94,504. Among them, 1,28,49,041 and 1,36,45,463 people are male and female respectively. The annual population growth rate is 1.35 per annum.

22. Write in a sentence the role of education in maintaining the quality of life.

Education is the light of knowledge. It raises awareness. A person can improve his/her family members’ quality of life through the proper knowledge, attitude, and skills attained by education. Therefore, education is regarded as an important element of quality of life.

23. Write any one method to control the rapid population growth rate.

  • Empower women. Studies show that women with access to reproductive health services find it easier to break out of poverty, while those who work are more likely to use birth control.
  • Promote family planning. …
  • Make education entertaining. …
  • Government incentives. …
  • One-child legislation.

24. what is a non-aligned movement

-The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a forum of 120 developing world states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc. After the United Nations, it is the largest grouping of states worldwide.

25. According to census report 2068, what is the literacy rate of Nepal

-Nepal has, according to UNESCO, an adult literacy rate of 67.91%. While the male literacy rate is 78.59%, for females it is 59.72%, showing a big gap between the sexes.

26. What is the population of Nepal according to the census of 2068?

The size of the population of Nepal according to the latest population census 2068 (2011) is 2,64,94,504. Among them, 1,28,49,041 and 1,36,45,463 people are male and female respectively. The annual population growth rate is 1.35 per annum.

27. What is the population growth rate of Nepal, according to the population census, 2068 B.S.?

According to the population census, the 2068 population growth rate of Nepal was 2,64,94,504. Among them, 1,28,49,041 and 1,36,45,463 people are male and female respectively. The annual population growth rate is 1.35 per annum.

28. Mention any two problems of population management in Nepal.

The two problems of population management in Nepal are:-

  • Unplanned migration.
  • Early marriage.

29. List any two problems seen in the population management of Nepal.

The two problems of population management in Nepal are:-

  • Unplanned migration.
  • Early marriage

30. What are the basic needs for quality of life? Write in two points.

They are:-

Education,

Good condition of Health, employment

31. State a major function of the United Nations Population Fund.

  • A major function of the United Nations Population Fund is to help people to have desired family size and good fertility and health.

32. State any three reasons and solutions for rapid migration from the rural areas to the urban areas in Nepal. Prepare a list of steps forwarded by the government of Nepal in controlling population growth.

Three causes of rapid migration from rural areas to urban areas in Nepal are –

  • lack of alternative job declining
  • local economy
  • denied access to basic facilities

solution of rapid migration from the rural areas to the urban areas in Nepal are –

  • Building Sustainable and Environmentally-friendly Cities
  • Provision of Essential Services
  • Creation of More Jobs
  • Population Control
  • Increasement of employment for women.
  • Marriage at an appropriate age.
  • Emphasizing using the means of family planning.
  • women education and employment generation.
  • extension of health services.
  • equal behavior between son and daughter.
  • appropriate management of migration.
  • are some of the factors that are highly focused and one plan of the government of Nepal to control population growth.

33. Write any two factors affecting the quality of life.

They are:-

  • Education,
  • Good condition of Health, employment

34. Write the Full Form of UNFPA.

The full form of UNFPA is the United Nations Population Fund.

35. Write any two ways of population management.

Two ways of population management are:-

  • Population education
  • Gender Equality

36. What are the major causes of population change?

The major cause of population change are:-

  • Birth
  • Death
  • Migration

………QN.16………..

16. Show the given number of students of class eight of Rashtriya secondary school in pie-chart? (set 1 ) 2076

Age group 13 years 14 years 15years 16 years
Number Ten Thirty-five Twelve Three

16. What are the ways to develop the quality of life? ( set 2 ) 2076

The ways to develop the quality of life are

  • 1. Be Grateful For What You Have.
  • 2. Try to Learn Something New Every day.
  • 3. Organize Your House and Mind.
  • 4. Stay Active.

16. Show the given number of students of classes eight, nine, and ten of Himalayan Academy in the bar graph. (set 3)

Class Boys Girls
Eight 35 30
Nine 40 38
Ten 37 30

16. What are the problems of population management in Nepal? (set 4 ) 2076
Problems that are seen in the population management of Nepal are

  • 1. There is a low literacy rate in Nepal and the male population is more than females in Nepal
  • 2. Early marriages are also a factor that is affecting population management in Nepal.
  • 3. Lack of family planning is also a reason behind the population increase in Nepal.

16. Examine the role of UNFPA in population management. ( set 5 ) 2076

Keeping this in mind, UNFPA Nepal is working with the government to ensure that national, sectoral, and decentralized policies and plans address population dynamics and the interlinkages with gender equality, poverty reduction, the needs of young people, and reproductive health, including family planning.

16. What can we learn from senior citizens? What should we do to make their lives respectful? (Set 6) 2076

Here are some of the things we can learn from our elders.

  • Courage in the Face of Adversity
  • Family Matters
  • Those That Mind doesn’t Matter
  • Love Is All You Need
  • Laughter Is a Great Medicine
  • Make Time for What’s Important

We should do the following things to make their lives respectful:

  • Spend time with them (and listen intently).
  • Be polite.
  • Ask for advice.
  • Eat together.
  • Discuss family heritage, history, and traditions.
  • Tell them how much you appreciate and respect them

16. Draw the logo of UNFPA and mention any three functions. (Set 7) 2076

  • to help couples to have desired family size and good fertility and health.
  • To control population programs for health care, education, and women’s status development.
  • To advocate for adolescents’ and youth’s rights and investments

16. Distribution of population according to geographical regions. (set 8) 2076

Distribution region Population Percentage
Mountain region 6.73
Hilly region 43
Terai region 50.27
Total 100

16. Write a couple of paragraphs on “ The Role of Youth in Population Management”. (set 9 2076)

It is a well-known fact that the youth of any country is a great asset. They are indeed the future of the country and represent it at every level. The role of youths in nation-building is more important than you might think. In other words, the intelligence and work of the youth will take the country on the pathway of success. As every citizen is equally responsible, the youth is too. They are the building blocks of a country. Our youth can bring social reform and improvement to society. We cannot make do without the youth of a country. Furthermore, the nation requires their participation to achieve the goals and help in taking the country towards progress.

Likewise, we see how the development of any country requires active participation from the youth. It does not matter which field we want to progress in, whether it is the technical field or sports field, youth is needed. It is up to us how to help the youth in playing this role properly. We must make all the youth aware of their pow

power and the role they have to play in nation-building

16. What should the government do to improve the life standard of Nepalese people? ( set 10) 2076

-A new report on poverty reduction and social mobility in Nepal by the World Bank reveals that living standards have improved in the last two decades but not sufficiently enough to move those who have escaped poverty to a more secure middle class. As a result, a majority of the population today constitutes a vulnerable group that is either perilously close to falling back into poverty or otherwise struggling to cement their economic security.

Nepal is a developing country in the world. It has a lot of problems for the rapid development in the present context. Economic planning was started in the 1930s by former U.S.S.R so that their economy was not highly affected by the great depression of that decade. In Nepal, 2013 B.S first five-year plan was formulated and implemented. Poverty Alleviation has been the main objective of the economic plans of Nepal since the 7th plan. The study identifies the major issues of poverty alleviation strategies of Nepal. Methodologically secondary sources are used to analyze the five-year plans since the beginning. Most of the strategies were concerned with the formation of a better and more prosperous country with a higher living standard for its citizens. Direct and indirect measures are taken from

the side of government, private sector, and co-operative, but the achievement is not so remarkable. Lack of domestic resources, low rate of capital formation, dependence on foreign sources, lack of political commitment, low level of awareness are the causes of the failure of poverty alleviation strategies in Nepal.

The government has enacted Border Development Programme Operation Guideline to improve the position of the Tarai settlements in the Human Development Index and reduce the poverty rate by increasing people’s access to public services and improving their living standards. The main objectives of the guideline are to invest the resources in priority sectors of the local levels, make budget allocation and expenditure process simple and transparent, empower the target group, achieve maximum output from the available resources and bring about uniformity in the implementation of programs. As per the guideline, grants shall be provided to the local levels for the construction and maintenance of road infrastructures, irrigation, drinking water supply and sanitation, agricultural development, energy, community infrastructures, environment protection, capacity development, and health. The guideline has set the criteria for providing grants. “Population, poverty, and area shall be taken as the basis while providing grants. Population shall carry the weightage mark of 60 percent, poverty 30 percent, and area 10 percent,” it reads. While selecting the project for the construction of infrastructure, rural municipalities shall not be allowed to estimate a budget less than Rs 800,000. The minimum amount fixed for a municipality is one million rupees. “The local levels shall accord priority to projects sustainable in nature as far as possible. The concerned local level may set aside two percent of the total investment as a contingency amount which shall be spent for project management. The capital fund to be obtained under the project and program shall not be permitted to be spent on remuneration, meeting and travel allowance, vehicle maintenance, fuel, house rent, electricity, water, telephone, and donation, among others. The guideline envisions a six-member Programme Facilitation Committee headed by the chief of the District Coordination Committee to facilitate and assist the local levels in effectively implementing the development project. The committee shall also be responsible for maintaining inter-agency coordination, monitoring project activities and reviewing progress, and extending necessary support in the selection of the project. There shall also be a Programme Implementation and Monitoring Committee led by the chief of municipality or rural municipality to facilitate the implementation of the project at the local level. The districts selected for the project are Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Siraha, Saptari, Dhanusa, Mahottari, Sarlahi, Rautahat, Bara, Parsa, Chitwan, Nawalparasi, Rupandehi, Kapilvastu, Dang, Banke, Bardiya, Kailali, and Kanchanpur.

16. Present the given data in a pie-chart .set 11, Kathmandu 2073(2017)

S.N. Age group Number
1 0-14 50
2 15-39 70
3 40-59 25
4 60+ 12

16. Prepare a bar graph from the age-wise data of grade 8 students of Rashtriya Basic School given below .set 12 Lalitpur 2073(2017)

Age group Number
12 Years 10
13 years 13
14 years 17
15 years 20

16. Show the following data of the literacy status of Nepal in a bar chart.

* Sorry I don’t know how to make a chart. 

16. Prithvi Narayan Shah was the democratic king in the history of Nepal, how? Present six logics to justify this statement .set 14 Morang 2073(2017)

-Prithivi Narayan Shah was a democratic king in the history of Nepal because he assumed that people should have a proper role in the ruling of the state. Maharajadhiraj Prithivi Narayan Shah was the last ruler of the Gorkha Kingdom and the first monarch of the Kingdom of Nepal (also called the Kingdom of Gorkha). Prithvi Narayan Shah started the unification of Nepal.

At one time, Prithvi Narayan Shah could not decide who he should be as the Kaji (equivalent to Prime Minister) and Pradhan Senapati (Commander-in-Chief). He had two commanders Biraj Thapa Magar and Kalu Pande in mind. So, for the decision, he called a Bhaardaari Sabha (assembly of the courtiers) along with some people of his kingdom and chose Kalu Pande on the basis of popularity. He instructed his descendants in Divyopadesh to understand the popularity before nominating someone as the Kanji. Prithvi Narayan Shah is known as a democratic King in the history of the Shah Dynasty because he assumed that the people should have a proper role in the ruling of the state.

We can provide the following argument for the justification of this saying.

– He introduced a policy of gradually eradicating slavery from the nation at a time when it was widely practiced all over the world.

– He was also a very practical person in maintaining the political, socio-economic, and cultural aspects of the country.

– He was more liberal in matters concerning religious affairs.

– He also had a good foreign policy vision whereby he said Nepal is a yam between two stones.

– The pointing of the index finger reveals the feeling of unity.

– He was against corruption and other kinds of irregularities in the country.

– His ‘dibyopades ‘ are the key to democratic manners.

16. Show the following statistics in the bar diagram .set 15 Chitwan 2073(2017)

Census year (B.S) 2018 2028 2038 2048 2058 2068
Population density 64 79 102 126 156 180

 

16. How does the education of parents affect population management? Explain.

The effect of parental education on population management helps to plan the size of the family and end the gender discrimination between genders. It also gives information and knowledge about the use of various contraception devices. Most Educated people are aware of the costs of child-rearing as well as the impact of not being able to give many children emotional support as well as goods needed to thrive. It also mainly helps the future of the children in more aspects. Most people are more educated about reproductive organs as well as cycles are less likely to become pregnant unintentionally. According to some cultures, having social support systems is only when a young couple is unexpectedly pregnant.

Youth as Planners — Young people can participate as community planners in community development work. Using education and training, they can learn the skills and knowledge they need, and applying their knowledge they can guide their peers, younger people, and adults, too.

Working together with other members of their communities, including children, adults, and elders, youth and community development offer ways youth can change the world few other activities can. Community development happens when people take action to solve common problems affecting the places they live, work and play every day. Community members, neighborhood activities, elected officials, professionals, and youth can all work together to build better communities for everyone affected. Increasingly, when foundations, government programs, and innovative community organizations want creative solutions to difficult funding issues, they turn to young people for solutions. Oftentimes, youth are connected to their communities in more authentic and unhindered ways than adults that can help communities by better understanding.

SET 20 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2073

16.

Class One Two Three Four Five
No of students 42 40 35 32 31

-qn 21

SET 22 BLE MODEL QUESTION 2073

16. What are the three major problems in population management in Nepal?

The problem in population management in Nepal are

  • Low literacy and academic level
  • Gender discrimination
  • A strong wish for a son
  • Short birth spacing
  • Low literacy and academic level

-qn.23

24/29. Mention any six problems of population management are – 1) There is a low literacy rate in Nepal and the male population is more than females in Nepal.

2) Early marriages are also a factor that is affecting population management in Nepal.

3) Lack of family planning is also a reason behind the population increase in Nepal.

4) Unplanned migration, Early marriage, less literacy rate increase the literacy rate

-qn.25

-qn.26

-qn27

-qn.28

-qn.30

Set 31
16) Show the following data in Pie-chart

Province Population
1 4525000
2 5404000
3 5529000
Gandaki 2397000
Karnali 1588000
Far western province 2552000


Set 32

16) Show the following data in Pie-chart

S.N Census year Population density per km^2
1 1911 38
2 1961 64
3 2001 157
4 2011 180


Set 33
16) Population composition by caste
Chettri – 14%
Brahmin – 13%
Magar – 7%
Tharu – 6%

Set 35
16) Show the following statistics in the bar graph:

Province Population percentage
1 17
2 20
3 21
5 17


Set 36
16) Write any two contributions given by renaissance in modern society.
Ans – The Renaissance saw many contributions to different fields, including new scientific laws, new forms of art and architecture, and new religious and political ideas. It was an incredible time of beauty, blossoming with creativity and curiosity. The Renaissance era also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the growth of commerce, and the inventions of innovations such as paper, printing, the mariner’s the compass, and gunpowder. The first way that Renaissance art influenced society was by allowing the rest of the world to realize something revolutionary. Art did not just have to be made to symbolize the Church. Renaissance art showed the world around it that art could be used to show emotion in people as well.

Set 37
16) Represent the following data in a pie chart

S.N Name of the Caste Population in Percent
1 Brahaman 21.4
2 Magar 18.8
3 Chhetri 13.3
4 Others 46.5
Total 100

Set 37
16) Population distribution of Nepal according to geographical regions.

Geographical region Population percent
Terai region 50.27
Hilly region 43
Mountain region 6.73
Total 100

Mention the importance of foreign trade in the development of a country.

Ans Foreign trade enlarges the market for a country’s output. Exports may lead to an increase in national output and may become an engine of growth. Expansion of a country’s foreign trade may energize an otherwise stagnant economy and may lead it onto the path of economic growth and prosperity.

Increased foreign demand may lead to large production and economies of scale with lower unit costs. Increased exports may also lead to greater utilization of existing capacities and thus reduce costs, which may lead to a further increase in exports. Expanding exports may provide greater employment opportunities. The possibilities of increasing exports may also reveal the underlying investment in a particular country and thus assist in its economic growth.

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