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Development Works in Development Regions

Pictured required: tea farming in Illam, Industry in Terai, Trekking in Himalayan region, Hydro-power station, Road construction and educational activities.

Objective: To find out various projects and development activities run in development regions for the overall development in Nepal


Dividing Nepal into various administrative units has no point if the development works are not carried out according to its spirit. The government of Nepal is trying to overcome regional disparity and bring balanced development through development regions. Different development activities carried out in development regions are as follow:

Eastern Development Region

About 21% of this development region is under cultivation. Majority people are engaged in agriculture. Along with the food crops, emphasis has been given to cash crops like tea, jute, sugarcane and cardamom. Awareness programmes on education has increased the number of enrollment in schools and colleges. After the establishment of Purbanchal University and medical colleges at Biratnagar and Dharan, higher education and health facilities have been increased

Many cottage industries have been established which produce agricultural tools, clothes, Khukuri, oil, etc. Medium and large scale industries have been established at Biratnagar, Dharan, Damak, Rajbiraj, Illam, Bhadrapur, Lahan Itahari and Dhankuta. Udaypur cement factory established in this region is well famous throughout the country. Nepal government has brought an effective policy to promote tourism in Kanchanjungha, Sagarmatha, Makalu-Barun, Barahchhetra, Pathivaradevi, Maisthan etc. Asian Development Bank has been helping for the road construction and repair work of existing roads. People participation in development activities has been increased tremendously in the recent days.

Central Development Region:

About 22% of the total land of central development region is under cultivation. Majority people are still engaged in agricultural activities. Many farmers are encouraged producing cash crops like sugarcane, tobacco, mustard etc. industry, trade and commerce has rapidly been growing in this region. Birgunj has sugar, cigarette, agricultural tools and match box factories. Many chimney factories, cement, marble, plastic, textile and noodle factories have been established in Kathmandu valley. Hetauda has cement, textile, cigarette, and flour factories. Janakpur cigarette factory established in this region is well known all over the country. Cheese factory of Rasuwa is gaining popularity in the recent years. Kathmandu valley, Janakpur, Birgunj, Hetauda, Bharatpur, Banepa and Trishuli are major centers of commerce of this region.

All means of communication introduced in Nepal have been widely used in this region. Mobile phone has become the means of common use of communication. Tribhuvan and Kathmandu Universities have given affiliation to many private colleges which has greatly increased the literacy percentage of this region. Chilime Hydro-power and Melamchi Drinking Water are big projects running at present in the region.

Western Development Region:

The majority people of thie region are engaged in agriculture. Along with food crops like wheat, rice, millet, barley, potato etc, cash crops like sugarcane, coffee and mustard are well grown here.

Pokhara, Annapurna, Gorkha, Jomsom and Lumbini have been developed as tourist centers. Bhairahawa, Pokhara, Butwal and Tansen are main towns of this development region. Pokhara has many industries and noodles and match box factories here are gaining popularity day by day. Bhairahawa has sugar mills, flour mills and distilleries.

Kaligandaki “A”, the biggest hydro-power station in Nepal,  Marsyangdi, Phewa, Seti and Modi are main hydro-power stations in this region. The middle Marsyangdi Hydro-power is under construction. Pokhara University and many private colleges affiliated to it has increased the literacy percentage of the region. International Nepal Fellowship (INF) has been assisting leprosy eradication campaign in western development region.

Mid-Western Development Region:

About 8% of the total land of MWDR is under cultivation. Traditional agricultural practices have been adopted by the majority people. This region is the most backward region and many people suffer from starvation every year. The people grow cash crops like mustard, sugarcane, tobacco and cotton besides food crops. The people in the hilly and Himalayan region are engaged in cattle, goat and sheep rearing. Cottage industries are quite popular in the region and produce Nepali paper, baskets, carpets, blankets and leather shoes. Nepalgunj has textile, match box, rice mills, oil mills, flour mills and wood cutting factories. The government, NGOs and INGOs have been showing their active involvement to promote tourism in Rara, Phoksundo, Sworgadwari and many other places.

The United Mission to Nepal (UMN) has run many educational programmes for adults. Karnali Solar Energy Project running in the upper part of this region has changed the lifestyle of the people in Karnali region.

Far-Western Development Region:

Majority of the people are engaged in agriculture like other regions. They produce cash crops like cotton, tobacco, mustard and sugarcane along with food crops. Rice, flour and oil mills have been established in different parts of this region. Various efforts have been made to provide better transportation and communication. The government of Denmark has run a project to protect the region from deforestation. It carries out afforestation programme in this region.

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