Lesson Plan
Group Activities
Residence Assignment

Sustainable Development

Objective: To find out the ways to achieve sustainable development and explain the concept of sustainable development.


The term ‘sustainable’ refers to durable or bearable. The development that fulfils the needs of the present generation without damaging the resources for future generations is called sustainable development.

Development programmes should be environment friendly. In the name of fulfilling the growing needs of people, we should not overuse the resources. The overexploitation of natural resources results in climate change which has created various problems.

There is a direct relationship between production and pollution. If more goods are produced, more pollution is created. The situation becomes worse and the future generations suffer. There will be a shortage of clean air, water, forest, land etc. and the survival for the present and future generation becomes very difficult.

The concept of sustainable development with the preservation of the environment, controlling the overuse of natural resources is extremely necessary for us. We should use such processes and technology which increases our productivity without hampering our natural environment. The main aim of sustainable development is to maintain a balance between population, resources, environment and development. We must be cautious about chemical fertilizers, use of insecticides, industrial wastage and emphasize the instruments that reduce the rate of pollution in the development activities.

The advantages of development activities are:

  1. It develops the economic standard of the country
  2. It preserves the natural resources and environment
  3. It increases the productivity considering the needs of the future generation
  4. It improves the quality of life
  5. It directs the country towards self-sufficient
  6. It generates employment opportunities for the people
  7. It contributes to increasing the life expectancy
  8. It brings overall development in the long run

Developing countries like Nepal generally copy and follow what the developed countries have been doing without proper management of waste and the system of preserving natural resources and the environment. We must also learn how they are controlling pollution and use different instruments to balance between natural environment and development.

Group Activities:

  1. Discuss in your group and write a paragraph on sustainable development.
  2. Discuss in your group and list out the disadvantages of unmanaged development programmes.
  3. Discuss in your group and list out the advantages of sustainable development.
  4. Discuss in your group and write a paragraph showing the relationship between sustainable development and conservation of the environment.
  5. Make plans for the maintenance of your school’s environment
    (garden, tree plantation, cleaning)

Presentation: All groups present their works in 10 minutes


  • Do we have sustainable development in Nepal? What points should be focused on to adopt it fully? Elaborate.

Source: Library encyclopedia, sustainable development and its advantages from the internet, newspapers, magazines, reports of UNEP and UNDP, teachers, family members and friends

Presentation for the next day: Group E

  • A short skit on the unsystematic industry, wastage around it, people are suffering from various problems. Finally, focus on environment-friendly industrial development


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