Good Governance (Sushashan)
Objective : To explain the concept of good governance
Democracy has become increasingly popular in recent times. Good governance is the chief element that fosters democracy and makes it popular. The term ‘governance’ means decision making. Good governance is regarded as decision making process in which social, economic, cultural and political equality is in priority. In the context of the present world, good governance is the key factor of popularity and sustainability of particular government in any country. Good governance is the condition in which people from all classes, regions and religions participate in the administration and there is no discrimination on the basis of caste, sex, race etc. it is needed for quick, impartial and responsive service to the people. In this regard, good governance means ideal ruling.
The Interim Constitution of 2063 B.S. has determined the responsibility of the state incorporating the political system with accountability, people’s participation, and an impartial and corruption free society.
The major features of good governance are as follows:-
- Rule of Law:
Good governance requires the rule of law that means ruling over the country in accordance with the existing laws of the nation. Everybody is under the laws passed by people’s representatives. In order to implement the rule of law, independent judiciary and impartial police force are essential factors.
Good governance needs proper response from the government mechanism on the service demanded by the people. In simple terms, the government mechanism should serve the people within a given time frame.
Good governance survives in the world of participation of genders, religions, geographical and ethnic groups. The government should be able to bring out such programmes in which all people show their concern towards the development of the country and participate in it.
Transparency means the decision taken by the state is easily accessible to the affected people by that decision. The government should be transparent under the rules and regulations.
Accountability is one of the key factors of good governance. Government or private sectors must be accountable to those who are affected by its decisions. In the absence of accountability, administrative mechanism becomes weak and baseless and corruption increases.
- Equity and Inclusiveness:
Good governance depends on the equal opportunities provided to all people. The government should be able to ensure that all people feel they are included in the mainstream development.
- Effectiveness and Efficiency:
The government or organizational mechanism should be able to produce the results that fulfill growing needs of the society. In the context of the country, the government structure should be able to make the people feel that programmes brought or introduced in the country are for the people towards mobilization of resources and protection of environment.
- Consensus Oriented:
Good governance requires accumulating ideas and views of many people, mediating them and reaching a broad consensus in the society. This ensures the common interests of the people resulting the proper understanding between the people and the government.