Need of International Understanding and Non-Alignment
Map of the world, an industry of America getting raw materials from poor nations, non-aligned meeting
Objective: To find out why countries of the world need international understanding and non-alignment
Mutual understanding, respect, trust and cooperation between the countries of the world is called international understanding. After the World War I, the people strongly felt the necessity of international understanding and strong and poor nations both started it. This led to the exchange of goods, transportation between countries and the relation with distant nations expanded. The developed countries got the raw materials and other primary goods from poor nations and poor nations got secondary goods and machinaries from the rich nations. Today, one country can’t fully function in the absence of the help and assistance of other nations.
Having good relations with other nations in the world, Nepal has been helped by many countries like India, China, Japan, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, USA, Canada etc. even the weak and poor nations help, support and cooperate with the large and powerful ones. This is how; international understanding brings the welfare of all nations and the people in the world.
Realizing the need and importance of international understanding, League of Nations was established in the year 1919 A.D. with 27 nations. Later, the number of member nations reached up to 62 in thei organization. It was established to avoid all kinds of wars, maintain peace and security all over the world and promote international cooperation. It was the idea of American president Woodrow Wilson but USA itself didn’t take the membership. Besides USA, powerful countries like Japan, Italy and Germany also didn’t support the organization. Thus, it failed resulting World War II in the year 1939 A.D. after unimaginable loss of life and property, the war was ended in 1945 and U.N.O. was established on 24th October 1945.
Since then, UNO has made several efforts to develop international understanding. Today, there are many regional organizations like SAARC, European Union, ASEAN etc. the aim of all these organizations is to promote internationalism.
On the basis of resources and economic progress, countries of the world are classified in to 3 groups i.e. developed, developing and least developed countries. The developed countries have been helping both developing and least developed countries of the world. Thus, they are slowly developing. This process remains only in the world of international understandi ng. . so, international understanding is integral part of the world without which human civilization can’t develop.
Need and Importance of Non-Alignment:
After the World War II, many countries of the world polarized in to 2 great powers. The democratic power block was led by USA. This group of power was called NATO. The socialist (Communist) power block was led by USSR called WARSAW. These 2 organizations had unhealthy competition of increasing military power and collecting a number of dangerous weapons. They were ready for possible war any time. In this critical condition, the weak and powerless countries had to join one of these organizations for their existence. It was extremely necessary to avoid possible wars between these 2 groups. Thus, a group of weak, powerless and not wanting to join these military groups had a conference at Bangdung in Indonesia and established Non-Alignment Movement NAM). The idea of this movement was to be neutral and not to side with any of these military organizations rather convince them not to fight and believe in peaceful co-existence. They adopted policies like non-interference, peaceful co-existence, cooperation among the countries, political independence etc.
Due to the combined effort of NAM, UNO and many other organizations, we could avoid the possible World War III. Now, the world is much better place to live. We have realized that the war is not the solution of any disputes and every problem of the world can be solved through peaceful manner.