Note/Material

Foreign Employment

Objective: To find out the state of foreign employment and its importance in our context.

Introduction:

Income from overseas is one of the most important components of the Gross National Product in the context of Nepal. Many people of Nepal have gone to different countries of the world. They work there with their skills, hard work, and full dedication. Their earnings greatly contribute to the GNP of our country. Nepalese people do not have enough job opportunities in the country. In order to earn their livelihood and surplus income, they find foreign employment the best option and go to different countries of the world. Although it provides opportunities to jobless people and benefits for a short period of time, it does not help the country in the long run because of the brain drain. When skillful people of Nepal go abroad, the available resources of the country can’t be utilized and the country remains backward.

The following table shows the number of people who migrated overseas:

Areas/Countries 1991 2001
Number Percentage Number Percentage
India 587,243 89.2 589,050 77.3
Other South Asian nations 4,977 0.8 2,691 0.3
Western Asia 6,343 1.0 11,826 14.5
Other Asian Countries 20,024 3.0 33,785 4.4
Europe 6,404 1.0 11,157 1.5
North America 2,150 0.3 1,997 1.3
Other countries 581 0.1 5,115 0.7
Not mentioned 30,566 4.6

Source: Population Report of Nepal 2064

The following table shows the number of people who got labor visa for foreign employment:

Country 058/59 059/60 060/61 061/62 062/63 063/64
Malaysia 52,926 43,812 45,760 66,291 75,526 74,029
Saudi Arab 21,094 17990 16,875 13,366 15,813 39,279
UAE 8,411 12,650 12,760 12,726 15,317 25,172
Qatar 19,895 26,850 24,128 42,394 55,892 60,005
Kuwait 378 907 3,194 1,789 640 4,441
Hong kong 482 564 672 523 140 261
Bahrain 695 818 606 536 540 1,200
South Korea 131 712 1,324 327 131 765
Israel 16 55 433 815 876 405
Oman 96 44 73 330 28 509
others 610 641 835 864 349 655
Total 104,732 105,043 106,660 139,961 165,252 204,721

Source: Department of Employment and Labor

Importance of Foreign Employment:

  1. Job opportunity to over 10 lakh people
  2. Earning foreign currency
  3. Good relation with other countries
  4. A great contribution to GNP
  5. Learning good techniques and experience
  6. Advertisement of Nepal
  7. Improvement in the lifestyle of the people 
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