Organs of Government (Legislature)

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Objective: To find out the composition and functions of legislature in Nepal



Every government has 3 main organs. They are legislature, executive and judiciary. One of them makes new laws, amends the existing laws through the discussion and approval of parliament called legislature. The organs that implements or put the laws passed by legislature in to action is called executive. And the organ that interprets the laws passed by legislature and implemented by executive and applies the laws to individual cases is called judiciary. These organs of government work independently but there is a check and balance between them.



Law, acts, policies and programmes are absolutely necessary in any nation. They are felt more important in a democratic nation to work for the welfare of the people and to become more responsible to them. Through the laws, we can maintain peace and security in the country.


The best possible candidates are elected through elections to represent the people at a policy level. Then the legislative body is formed. Legislative body is the representative national body elected by the people through periodic elections in the country. Among the elected representatives, one is appointed as the Speaker and the other as Deputy Speaker to run the sessions in the legislative body.

Legislative body consists of either one house or two houses. If it consists of only one house, it is called uni-cameral legislature. If it consists of two houses, it is called bi-cameral legislature. In our country, uni-cameral system is in practice at present i.e. House of Representatives (Legislative Parliament). Previously, we used to have 2 houses called House of Representatives and National Assembly. After Nepal was declared as Federal Democratic Republic, we have been following the single house system of legislature. But the new constitution that is being prepared by the 2nd Constituent Assembly and it may adopt Bi-cameral system too.


A democratic legislature identifies various problems of the country and formulates acts, laws, policies and programmes to cater the needs of people and solve their problems. It brings those rules irrespective of caste, creed, gender, region and religion. All the powers and functions performed by legislature are on behalf of people because this body consists of representatives from the people. These representatives make laws, acts and policies as per the will of people. Thus, it is the most important body of the government.