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Picture of Supreme Court, decision of case in the court

Objective: to find out the formation process and functions of judiciary in Nepal



Another organ of the government which applies the laws passed by legislature and implemented by executive and justice to people is called judiciary. The people’s welfare and security depend on the impartial and quick administration of justice from the judiciary.


Judiciary in Nepal is formed by the 3 level of courts i.e. District court, Appeal court and Supreme court. District court is called the court of entrance, Appeal court is called the bridge court and the Supreme Court is called the final court of justice. There are 75 district courts having minimum 1 judge, 16 appeal courts with minimum 5 to 7 judges and a Supreme Court with 15 permanent judges. Chief Justice is the head of judiciary. Present Chief Justice, Khilaraj Regmi has been appointed as the chairman of council of minister for CA elections.


Judiciary preserves and protects the constitution and other laws so it is called the guardian of constitution. It interpretes the laws whenever necessary. It investigates, identifies and punishes the wrong doers giving justice to the victims. It also gives suggestions and advices to the legislature as well as executive.

Judiciary safeguards the people’s fundamental rights. When people are exploited with their rights, they can file the case in district court. If they are not satisfied with the justice given by district court, they can appeal to appellate court and then to Supreme Court.